A New Paradigm For Accountant Consulting

Why are adjustments important in final accounts?

Businesses rely on their accountants to report accurate information. The owners and managers use this information to make decisions on behalf of the business. The accountant records financial transactions throughout the month as they occur. They receive documentation for each transaction, such as invoices or customer deposits. Sometimes at the end of the month, they also record adjusting entries. Adjusting entries update the financial records for events that have occurred, but no document for a transaction exists.

Adjusting Entries

Adjusting entries bring the account balances current as of the last day of the month. This means that events that have not been documented yet are recorded through these entries. An example of an adjusting entry includes recording wages for the last days of the month for which employees have not been paid yet. Another example would be to record the electricity used through the end of the month even though a bill has not been received.

Matching Concept

The idea behind recording adjusting entries lies with the matching concept. The matching concept records the cost of doing business during the same business that the company earns the revenue. The financial records then communicate the activities that occurred rather than the actual money that was transferred. These include providing services for customers and billing them later for the work or receiving inventory and paying for it the following month.

Financial Reporting

Adjusting entries allow the accountant to communicate a more accurate picture of the company’s finances. The owner can read through the financial statements knowing that everything that occurred during the month is reported even if the financial part of the transaction will occur later. A financial statement prepared without considering adjusting entries would misrepresent the financial health of the company.


Meaning of Adjustments:

Adjustment entries are those entries which need to be passed at the end of the accounting period so that the true profit or loss and fair financial position of the business can be shown. Trial Balance is the base for preparing final accounts of any business enterprise. To see the arithmetical accuracy we record all balances of debits and credits extracted from ledger accounts, including cash book in this statement. There are possibilities that some such items, as were not detected at the time of preparing trial balance, could hence not be shown in the trial balance.

For example, closing stock cannot be estimated during the accounting year and is usually valued after the accounting year is over. Similarly, depreciation is charged on fixed assets at the end of the accounting year. In the same parlance, there are innumerable important items that may not find a place in the trial balance.

As per Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP), all these items are very important and critical to calculate the actual earnings and thus show assets and liabilities at their true and fair values.

From the above it is clear that these items must be shown in the final accounts of business enterprise because without showing the impact of these items we cannot say that books of accounts show true and fair view of the business enterprise. It is also true that the ultimate impact of these items must show itself in trading and Profit & Loss Account and Balance Sheet.

Now question arises as to how these items can be shown when all the ledger accounts must have been closed. The only option available is to pass adjusting entry for each and every such item in such a manner that the true and ultimate impact on Trading and Profit & Loss Account and Balance Sheet can be shown. Following the double entry system, adjustment entries are to be posted to at least two accounts.


Types Of Adjusting Entries

Adjusting entries are primarily of six types:-


These entries help a business to report all the revenues it earns during the accounting period. There might be a case when a company has already provided a service, but it has not yet got the payment for the same. So, accrual type adjusting entries are shown in the financial statements to account for such revenues.


Just like the accrued income or revenue, a company should only record the expenses that it incurs. A business must report an expense even if it does not pay for it. Take for example; a company hires a worker from on a contract basis. The company is expecting to get an invoice on January 2nd and remit the payment on January 10th. However, the services of the worker were availed in December. Therefore, the company needs to account the expense and liability as of December 31.


Deferred expenses are the payment made in the present for future expenses. One must refer these payments as deferred until the expenses expire or the company avails the service. For example, a company pays $10000 on December 25 towards vehicle insurance for the six-month period starting January 1. This means the insurance is prepaid for a period between December 25th and December 31.


It is in relation to the use of a fixed asset in the business. Examples of fixed assets are machinery, equipment, vehicles, furniture and so on. Usually, a company depreciates an asset at a certain rate that has a useful life for more than one year. Through depreciation, the company allocates the cost of the asset as an expense in the accounting periods in which the company uses the asset. For instance, a machine costing $50000 with no salvage value and useful life of 20 years will result in a monthly depreciation expense of $50000/240 (20*12).


If the company receives any amount as advance before earning, it should mention it as a liability in the current accounting period. For instance, a company gets an advance of $5000 for offering a service that it will offer at a later date. As on December 31st, the company should determine the portion of the service that it has already delivered. This portion will come as income, and the balance will be deferred revenue.


Not all debtors pay their dues. To account for this, the company makes provision for bad debts, and it needs to update the balance regularly to account for more bad debt or bad debt making payment.


Purpose of Adjusting Entries

The main purpose of adjusting entries is to update the accounts to conform with the accrual concept. At the end of the accounting period, some income and expenses may have not been recorded, taken up or updated; hence, there is a need to update the accounts.

If adjusting entries are not prepared, some income, expense, asset, and liability accounts may not reflect their true values when reported in the financial statements. For this reason, adjusting entries are necessary.


What are adjusting entries? Why are they necessary for preparing final accounts?

Entries which are given outside the trial balance are called adjustment entries, to record those entries a proper treatment is required according to the double entry system. Here it is to be remembered that all adjustments given outside the Trial Balance are posted at two places. Adjustment is generally done for those items which are omitted or entered with the wrong amount and/or recorded under wrong heads.

The following are reasons for recording or incorporating these adjustment entries in preparation of final account.

  • Through these adjustment entries we come to know the actual figure of profit or loss
  • Because of these adjusting entries we can assess the true financial position of an organisation based on accrual basis of accounting
  • These adjustment entries enable us to records the omitted entries and help in rectifying all those errors.
  • These adjusting entries help in providing depreciation and making different provisions, such as Bad Debts and Depreciation.

What To Expect From A Professional House Cleaning Service


Keeping your house clean and organised makes it a pleasant and hygienic place for your family to live in. However, trying to keep the house spotless and tidy is not an easy task, it takes away valuable time from your busy schedule. Getting professional cleaners to do the house chores can largely reduce your stress. But if you don’t wish to avail the services of a cleaning agency, then this guide will help you make the most of your available time to get the house looking organised and clean.


Don’t save up the chores for next time, or the next day. If you go by the ‘Clean as you go’ philosophy then you would save yourself the daunting task of cleaning up piles of dishes, filthy kitchen and piles of unwashed clothes. So try multitasking whilst you are talking over the phone, watching television, talking to your children. Glance around the room, de-clutter the table, toss the clothes in the washing machine, sort out the piles of letters and throw the unnecessary extras into the bin. You will be surprised how you can stop mess from building up by simply multi-tasking on a daily basis.


If you can get rid of the unnecessary items in the living room, table, fridge etc., then you can reduces your house cleaning task to less than half. It is easier to clean a room that is de-cluttered. A quick wipe of the table is only possible if you don’t have to rummage over pencils, pens and papers lying around. Look through your refrigerator, throw away all the expired food rather than wait for them to rot. Anything that is piled up, stacked or heaped needs a good look through to see what needs to go into the bin and what needs to be kept. Discard outdated magazines and throw away any junk mail.


Kitchen cleaning is not as tough as it seems. Keep wipes and clean napkins handy in a cupboard or drawer in the kitchen. When you notice a spill on your refrigerator shelf, wipe it off immediately. While you are at it, check for any expired products or anything that you will not be reusing and toss them in the bin. Use a wet wipe to quickly clean any finger print or stains on the kitchen cabinet.


If you are too tied up for a complete dusting of the house, then use the vacuum cleaner every weekend to dust the curtains, blinds and carpets. If tea or coffee accidently spills onto the carpet use a wet wipe it off immediately. You can also use diluted detergent and a microfiber to clean off any stains on upholstery or carpets.



There are numerous tasks to do on a daily basis such as washing dishes and cleaning clothes, there are tasks to be completed on a regular basis such as vacuum cleaning and dusting and then the bigger tasks that also have to be completed on a regular basis such as window cleaning and clearing gutters.

Keeping a house clean may sound like a simple task, but chores quickly build up leaving you with a mountain of work to do. There are also other areas that can go neglected such as the bathroom and the oven which can suddenly become difficult and time consuming jobs.

Different types of house cleaning services

Trying to keep a house clean inside and out requires constant time and attention. Sometimes the only time people have to complete this is in the evenings after they come back from work when all they want to do is relax. If not done on a weekday, then a lot of people have to use their weekend time maintaining their property

General house cleaning

Some jobs have to be done regularly that can take up a lot of time. Also known as spring cleaning, these are standard jobs that don’t require any expert knowledge or equipment. Vacuuming your house can be a lengthy chore and they can be difficult to manoeuvre, especially upstairs and in corners.

Carpet cleaning

Carpets are a tough and durable material that can last for many years without the need for replacement. Many people replace them, not because of wear and tear, but because they no longer look the way they did when they were first bought.


When and how can my housekeeper return?’ Experts explain how to calculate the risk

You’ve been hunkering down at home in isolation for months, and the days are starting to run together. After weeks of around-the-clock cooking, cleaning and parenting, it’s not surprising that when we asked readers to send us their most pressing questions regarding the coronavirus, an overwhelming number of you wanted to know, “When is it safe for my housekeeper to return?”

Everyone is understandably tired of scrubbing their own toilets and the endless dirty dishes. But it’s about more than just cleaning. Many people have maintained a decades-long relationship with their housekeepers. Keeping housekeepers at a distance can feel like turning away a trusted friend or family member.

When stay-at-home orders were put in place in March, many housekeepers were told to stay home, some with pay and others without. Meanwhile, the orders have hit domestic workers, many of whom don’t have access to healthcare and paid sick days, particularly hard. Many are eager to get back to work.

If we’ve learned one thing while sheltering in place, it’s that it’s difficult to do everything alone. But as counties start to reopen — with some health officials concerned by the fast pace of lifting stay-at-home restrictions — how do we know that the people who come into our homes are not symptom-free silent spreaders? Just as important: As states move to reopen, is it safe for them to return to housekeeping?

With the easing of stay-at-home rules, that time may come sooner rather than later. The experts we consulted realize that many homeowners will ask their housekeepers to return before there is a vaccine.


Want to Keep Your Home Clean All-Year-Round? Here’s Our Guide

In regards to home cleaning, over time, we all deliberate on whether it’s time to give the house a deep and thorough clean to compensate for all the other months that we spend in it. After quite some time, you’ll probably notice all the dust, dirt, muck, and molds that have accumulated in a year. No matter how much you try to hide the fact that a thorough carpet cleaning is due sometime soon

After quite some time, you’ll probably notice all the dust, dirt, muck, and molds that have accumulated in a year. No matter how much you try to hide the fact that a thorough carpet cleaning is due sometime soon or a proper fridge wipe has to be done, it’s important to undergo home cleaning, and give your home some much-needed TLC

Which Parts Need to be Cleaned and the Frequency?

If you’ve been meaning to give your home a thorough cleaning but don’t exactly know where to start or how often you should do it, let’s go over its frequencies and cleaning areas in further detail

Weekly Home Cleaning

In most American households, there are certain places that need to be cleaned much more often than homeowners expect, such as various places that are interacted with the most every day. Let’s go over each part that you’ll need to clean weekly

The computer: monitor, keyboard, mouse, table: Seeing that it’s used every single day, a computer can harbor a significant amount of bacteria over as little as a week, making it vital to start cleaning it. With the help of disinfecting wipes, cleaning every surface in your work/play setup will make a world of difference in the cleanliness of your home.

The bathtub: What most homeowners need to know about their bathtubs is that they’re a breeding ground for 26 percent of grave infections and are 20 percent more than the garbage bin you have at home. By treating your bathtub with some disinfecting, water, and soap, you can have your soapy sessions in peace without worrying about getting any nasty condition.


A House Cleaning Service Guide: When Are the Best Times to Clean the Areas in Your House?

Currently, it’s crucial to keep your living space clean and tidy. To ensure that everything is neat and tidy in your home, you need to set a regular cleaning schedule, and/or consider a recurring house cleaning service. However, to do this, you need to know the areas and the objects that you need to clean on a daily, weekly, and monthly basis.

Clean the Bathroom Weekly

Your bathroom should always be clean, especially because you use it daily. Schedule a weekly house cleaning service for bathroom cleaning, especially when you don’t have the time to clean your house yourself. That way, you can guarantee that your house and your bathrooms will always remain clean and sanitary.

Clean the Kitchen Weekly

Just like your bathroom, your kitchen is one of the most used rooms in your house. A clean kitchen is essential; therefore, you need to spend time cleaning it thoroughly. For most homeowners, it’s impossible to clean a kitchen every day, which is why it is best to clean it every week to ensure that it’s in excellent condition.

Clean the Bedrooms Every One to Two Weeks

If you don’t spend a lot of time in your bedroom because you’re usually away during the day, you can clean your rooms every one to two weeks. This includes your bed linens. Some homeowners tend to think that their bed linens are dirty, and so they frequently change them. However, it’s not as dirty as you think, especially when you only lay in your bed to sleep, so you can change your bed linens every one to two weeks.

What to Clean Every Day

Here are some of the things that you should clean every day inside your house:


Dirty dishes

Kitchen counters and table


Kitchen floors

Bathroom surfaces

Kitchen and bathroom sinks

Shower walls

Refitting Your Dentist Practice

How to change dentists

There are many different reasons to change dentists. It could be because you have moved home and want to attend a dental practice closer to your new address. It may be because a new practice has opened up locally that is more convenient for you, or closer to where you work, or perhaps your current dentist doesn’t have the opening hours that best suit you. You may also consider changing dentists if you’re unhappy with the treatment you have received from your current dental practice or an individual that works there.

This guide includes information about how to change dentists and on finding a new dentist, or changing dentist within a practice, whether you are an NHS or private patient.

Can I change my NHS dentist?

You can change your NHS dentist at any time. When you have found a new NHS dentist or practice to join, you should let your old dentist know and make sure that any upcoming appointments there have been cancelled. If you’re in the middle of a course of dental treatment, you will need to ensure that any treatment you have received so far has been paid for.

You might want to change your NHS dentist for a number of different reasons. It could be that you wish to move practice for convenience, because you’re not happy with the care provided by your current dentist, or because you don’t want to be seen by a different dentist within the same practice.

If you receive NHS dental treatment, you will need to change dentists to a new practice or dentist that is currently accepting new NHS patients. Depending on the area in which you want to change to, the number of dental practices or dentists that you are able to choose from may vary.

With NHS dentists, you are not bound to a specific catchment area like you may be with a GP. You can choose any convenient dental practice that is currently accepting NHS dental patients. You can give a potential new practice a ring to see if they are open to new NHS patients at the moment, or whether there is a waiting list you need to join first.


Choosing a new dentist

You might recently moved to a new city or a new neighborhood and want to find a new dentist, or maybe you’ve been going to the same dentist for some time but you’ve decided that it’s time to find a new dentist. For many of us, selecting a new dentist comes down to simply asking friends and family for a recommendation.

Choosing a new dentist is an important step because you are entrusting your health and wellness to a professional. In this guide, we outline easy steps to find the right dentist for a successful relationship. These questions will help decide on the best dentist for you.


Every case is different. Some people will be looking for a dentist for minor work like teeth cleaning. Others will be searching for more complex dental services like braces or dental implants. Establish the basic criteria for your search and start by asking yourself the following questions:

  • Is location important? For many of us, this means finding a dentist close to home, work or school. If you are looking for a dentist near by, this question will be crucial as it will help manage the appointments and reduce the commute. For example, if you live in Oakville, you probably be interested in finding local Oakville dental offices.
  • What specialization are you looking for in a dentist? Are you looking for a general practitioner or a specialist in certain field.
  • Are you looking for specific office features like wheel chair accessibility or first floor office.
  • If you have a dental insurance, does the dental office accept dental insurances?


Second, make a narrow list of potential right dental offices

Now, you have brainstormed your requirements. It’s time to start the search. One of the best methods to find a dentist is to ask people for recommendations. This can be done by asking close friends and relatives for great past experiences. In this day of age, the advancement of the internet made it easier to locate the dental office online.

One of the best ways to find a list of dentists in Ontario is by using the Find a Dentist tool. You can search by city, postal code or specialty. You can also use opencare or yellow pages. Once the search is done, make sure you visit the website and read reviews about the dental office.


Third, call the office, send an email or book a consultation to meet the dentist

Say, you have a short list of few dentists. Now, you can visit their websites and find more about the dentist, the team, the services provided and the office. The research should not stop here. Call the office or use the email to ask the question. Better still, book a meeting with the dentist to directly ask the questions.

Here are some of the questions you may want to ask:

  • Is your dentist accepting new patients?
  • Are there any availability in the near future? Some offices are way to busy that it takes weeks to book an appointment.
  • What is the dentist’s credentials?
  • What to expect on the first visit? Should you request the old xrays? How long will the first appointment last and what will be included in that appointment?
  • What is the financial policy of the office? will the dentist explain the treatment options and explain the cost of the procedures?
  • What are the office hours? Will the schedule fit your schedule? Is the office open during evening hours or on the weekend?
  • Is the dentist keeping up with the new treatment techniques and new developments.

If you are satisfied with the responses you’ve received, it’s time to make an appointment with the best dentist that will address your specific needs.


Healthy Teeth Habits From Dental Hygienists

Keep routine dental appointments.

Think about the mold in your bathroom in the shower. What three things happen in a shower that make that mold grow? It’s dark, it’s warm and it’s moist. With your mouth, it’s kind of the same thing, especially under your gums – it’s dark, warm and moist. Bacteria like to be left alone to eat all the stuff in there, and grow and get nasty. So that’s why you come in every six months so I can clean that out.

Floss thoroughly.

Flossing is important because your teeth are round, not flat, especially your back teeth. Where they’re touching, you’re not reaching. “With a toothbrush, you’re missing almost two-thirds of the teeth.” Brushing alone cleans teeth’s outer and inner surfaces but misses the sides, paving the way for infection. Flossing feels awkward for many people. So try to show them. “It takes practice and it takes time just to work at it.

Don’t judge your teeth by their color.

It’s a common joke among dental hygienists : “You can tell a patient they have 16 cavities, and they’ll say, ‘But do you do whitening?'” But having model-white teeth is a cosmetic concern, not a sign of superior oral health. “White teeth are not necessarily healthy teeth,. “I see many, many people with yellow or gray teeth, and they think their teeth are not healthy or not clean.” But that’s not the case. Just like the whites of our eyes are different and our skin tones are different, your teeth have different shades.

Hiring A Professional Move Out Cleaning Services Company

End of Tenancy Cleaning Guide

If you’re a landlord there’s a lot of worries and concerns you may have, and this is common amongst landlords. One of the main ones is the concern that a tenant is leaving your property in a mess, and not just leaving a few crumbs on the side. There’s deep stains in your carpet that will be difficult to remove, things like this which is a common worry amongst landlords. Don’t worry, you’re not alone in this.

Fortunately tenants who are moving out of your property are moving into another one that’s more suited to their current situation, so it’s important to them that they keep your property in good shape. They’ll need a reference in most instances from a previous landlord, so making sure they get a good word from you is something they need and if they’ve left your property in a bad state then they can usually expect an honest letter of recommendation detailing this.

Despite this, when your tenants move out you may find that the property has become used to them being there and there’s areas of the house that need a good scrub before the next guests come and move in. This is where end of tenancy cleaning, or tenant cleaning services come into play. Companies specialise in cleaning may offer this service to help you to rid any hidden dust or dirt to help your new tenants settle into your property as easily as possible.

How Can I Find a Tenancy Cleaning Service?

There’s a few ways of finding companies that will offer this to you, but it’s important to capture what it is that you’d like them to come and do. There’s a few different types of tenancy cleaning that you can expect to find

Pre Tenancy Cleaning – This involves cleaning a property thoroughly before your expected tenants move in so it’s clean and hygienic from day one.

Post Tenancy Cleaning – This is also known as a move out cleaning service. When you’ve had tenants live in a property for a short while, a good spring clean may do the job. If they’ve been there for much longer then a post tenancy cleaning service may help to get rid of naturally congregating dust particles in those hidden places, readying the property for whatever lies ahead next.


The house cleaning service

You want to get your deposit back when you move out of an apartment, don’t you? Cleaning of the apartment could just be everything you need to do. Of course, you may not really need to bother about cleaning the stuff if you have already damaged a lot of fixtures in the apartment but if the mess is all surface dirt, you can clean them up and get your deposit back

Clean the Kitchen

The kitchen is one of the most important parts of your home that need to be cleaned. You need to clean your liners and cabinets, wash the front cabinets, disinfect countertops, clean sink and faucet, clean the refrigerator inside out, clean the oven inside out, clean the dishwasher, exhaust fan and appliances.

Clean Living/Bedrooms and Garage

The empty rooms should be properly cleaned, mopped, dusted and swept. Dust the appliances in the living room and sweep the floor. Remove the cobwebs, clean the ceiling fans, HVAC system and so forth. Sweep the garage and make sure that it is completely empty.

The surroundings

The surroundings should also be properly clean. You will need to cut the grass, remove the weeds, grass strains and ensure that the outside looks clean. You can also check around for some of your stuff hanging in the trees to remove them.

The rest of the home cleaning

The ceiling fixtures, ledges, windows, doors and door knobs should be cleaned and dusted. You should also clean the light switches and outlets, walls and baseboards, and vacuums. Unscrew every screw on the walls and remove every nails. Thoroughly examine the walls to ensure that none is left and when done you can add smoothly add putty on the areas to make them look as if they were not screwed or nailed before.


The Comprehensive Apartment Cleaning Checklist

Use this apartment cleaning checklist to deep clean on moving day.

Before moving out of your current rental and into your new apartment, there’s a lot to do: signing the lease, planning, packing and yes, cleaning. While you may be tempted to walk away as soon as the last box is gone, failing to clean your apartment before officially moving out may cause you to lose a portion, or all, of your security deposit.

Make sure to go over your lease agreement and make note of the stipulations of moving out. If there’s nothing mentioned, you may need to check with your landlord to gauge their expectations.

Once you’ve done that, you can come up with a move-out cleaning checklist. If you can manage it, it’s best to clean your apartment after you’ve already moved into your new place, as furniture and boxes won’t be in the way.

For many, the kitchen is one of the most-used rooms in any apartment. For this reason, it’s important to be sure you’ve thoroughly cleaned before moving out.

Remove belongings from your cabinets and drawers

Use a wet paper towel to wipe cabinets out and clean the outside

Use an all-purpose cleaner to disinfect the countertops

Clean the sink basin, faucet and handles

Use an oven cleaner to remove interior grime

Spray the oven’s interior, then use a scraper to remove grease and grime

Clean the stove using an old sponge and/or scouring pad, then rinse and wipe down

Wipe down the refrigerator’s interior, including the drawers and shelves

Move the refrigerator and sweep the floors behind it

Disinfect the dishwasher and wipe down the exterior door

Sweep and mop the floors

If you want to make the bathroom sparkle and shine when moving out, an all-purpose cleaner is your new best friend. Be sure to clean every nook and cranny in your bathroom to guarantee you’ll get your deposit back.

Wipe down the countertops with an all-purpose cleaner

Clean the sink basin, faucet and handles

Wipe down the mirror with a glass cleaner

Clean the toilet bowl, then wipe down the toilet lid, tank and handle

Use a toothbrush to remove mold or stains from any surfaces

Remove grout stains with bleach

Wipe down drawers and cabinets — interior and exterior

Wipe down the shower and bathtub

Vacuum and mop floors


A Checklist for Landlords With Tenants Moving Out

A checklist can help ease the stress of tenant move-out. It makes both sides aware of the expectations. Landlords can customize this checklist to meet the specific needs of their property. The items on this list should include the condition the rental property should be left in, as well as any additional move-out procedures and obligations.

Your tenant should provide notice that they intend to move out of your rental unit. Most often this is in the form of a letter but you may specify it be delivered in another format in your lease. Check with your local landlord/tenant laws to see how much notice the tenant should give before they vacate a rental unit.

Move-Out Checklist

A tenant move-out checklist is a form that landlords should attach as a rider to the original lease agreement. This checklist provides instructions for the tenant on the procedures and the tasks they need to complete when they vacate your property.

Why It’s Important

Move-out checklists are especially important when it comes to the security deposit. Security deposit disputes are a big issue between landlords and tenants. If the tenant understands the proper procedures for move-out, including the condition they are supposed to leave the rental property in, it will help minimize these issues.

All of the aforementioned items need to be done PRIOR to your move-out inspection so that you can RECEIVE YOUR FULL SECURITY DEPOSIT BACK (less any withholding from earlier tenancy). Any and all repairs, repainting, trash removal, cleaning, and/or any other expenses that are attributed to restoring your home to its condition prior to your tenancy will be deducted from your Security Deposit.


Move Out Reminders

Clean your apartment

All surfaces within your apartment shall be clean and free of debris, stains and damage. Such surfaces include but are not limited to, flooring, walls, doors, windows, shelving, appliances, cabinets, lighting fixtures, and bathroom fixtures.

Pay special attention to the inside, under and behind of the stove, refrigerator, shower & toilets as these often need additional care to clean when moving out. You may find it’s easier to replace the drip pans under the stove burners than taking the time to clean them. Also remember to pull the refrigerator out to clean behind. Make sure all the shelves in the cabinets are free of items and wiped clean. Tile floors shall be swept & mopped. Carpets shall be vacuumed and we recommend renting a carpet-cleaning machine to remove any stains.

If all surfaces are not clean and free of debris, stains or damage, Tenant shall pay for costs of cleaning at a rate of $30 per man-hour and repair at $60 per man-hour plus materials cost. Cleaning the apartment is important, so please make sure your roommates are cleaning their space.


All keys shall be turned over to landlord. If keys are lost or otherwise not returned, Tenant shall pay for costs of replacing all non-returned keys at $30 per key and $100 per lockset for re-keying apartment entry doors locks. When you move out, please leave your keys (apartment, bedrooms & mail if applicable) on the kitchen counter and lock the door as you leave.

Security Deposit Return

We want to return to you as much of your security deposit as possible, so please follow the above recommendations so we can do that. A good faith effort on your part does make a difference. Security deposits are returned in a one lump sum check payable to the tenant designated on the lease. If you are the designated tenant, let us know where to send your security deposit return by completing the Security Deposit Return Address section of the Tenant Info Update form.

Types Of Mosquitoes Larvae Control

Ways To Get Rid Of Mosquitoes Indoors

Mosquito prevention is cheap & effective

It would take 1.2 million bites for a mosquito to drain all of the blood from our body – that entire thought is enough to want to make us run inside and hide away from all those nasty mosquitos.

If only that worked – running into the house and hiding, that is. It’s quite inevitable, actually, that mosquitos will find their way indoors. Mosquitos can make their way into your room through open doors and windows, obviously, but they also make their way in through minuscule holes in your window screens, and they even get blown in on occasion, from the wind.

Easy steps to less mosquitoes in your home

Kill off the larvae. The fewer mosquitoes are buzzing around the smaller is the chance that they will annoy you indoors.

Use mosquito dunks & mosquito beater granules around your yard – they work best in the weeks before mosquito seasons starts.

Use mosquito netting for doors & windows. They don’t offer 100% protection but they are cheap & make everything else easier.

Once they hatched you can get rid of them with mosquito traps on your property. These devices are expensive but very effective killing machines.

Mosquito lanterns & mosquito killer sprays are cheaper helpful, but generally less effective.

Are electric indoor traps effective?

From my experience electric insect killers are the best indoor tool because they help against mosquitoes and many other bugs. I usually switch my indoor mosquito trap on for 2 days a week and it gets rid of most insects in my house.

Chemical-free & easy to use

They are nontoxic, require minimal maintenance and they are straightforward to use. Their light lures flying critters into a grid where they meet their doom. In comparison to many other ways to get rid of mosquitoes they are chemical-free and you won’t experience any concerning side effects in regard to your health.


Ways to Keep Mosquitoes Away

It only takes a few minutes outdoors, particularly at dusk, to develop a deep-rooted disdain for mosquitoes. And as if buzzing incessantly near your ear and feasting on your exposed arms and legs aren’t enough, mosquitoes can transmit a number of infectious diseases, a fact that elevates the insects from a nuisance to an outright health risk.

a veterinarian and senior research associate in University’s department of population medicine and diagnostic sciences, specializes in infectious diseases spread by ticks, which also transmit infectious diseases. But they’re not her main concern on a personal level.

Sure, you can buy a plethora of devices designed to repel, capture, and kill the bugs. But as satisfying as bug zappers and electrified insect swatters may seem, few, if any, of these products are effective when it comes to controlling the mosquito population in your yard.

Use Your Screens

Maximize fresh air indoors, but introduce a bugproof barrier. advises using fine mesh screens in all open windows and doors. This allows cross-breezes to enter your house, but the screens’ openings are too small for mosquitoes to permeate.

Get Rid of Standing Water

That means it’s imperative to empty outdoor water toys and remove wheelbarrows and other outdoor gear that can catch water after a rainfall. Keep your gutters and drain lines clear of debris—clogged leaves and branches can cause water to pool.


Controlling Mosquitoes at Home

Remove standing water where mosquitoes could lay eggs

Once a week, empty and scrub, turn over, cover, or throw out any items that hold water like tires, buckets, planters, toys, pools, birdbaths, flowerpot saucers, or trash containers. Mosquitoes lay eggs near water.

Tightly cover water storage containers (buckets, cisterns, rain barrels) so that mosquitoes cannot get inside to lay eggs.

For containers without lids, use wire mesh with holes smaller than an adult mosquito.

Use larvicides to treat large containers of water that will not be used for drinking and cannot be covered or dumped out.

If you have a septic tank, repair cracks or gaps. Cover open vent or plumbing pipes. Use wire mesh with holes smaller than an adult mosquito.

Kill mosquitoes outside your home

Use an outdoor insect spray made to kill mosquitoes in areas where they rest.

Mosquitoes rest in dark, humid areas like under patio furniture, or under the carport or garage. When using insecticides, always follow label instructions.

Keep mosquitoes out

Install or repair and use window and door screens. Do not leave doors propped open.

Use air conditioning when possible.

Kill mosquitoes inside your home

Kill mosquitoes inside your home. Use an indoor insect fogger or indoor insect spray to kill mosquitoes and treat areas where they rest. These products work immediately, and may need to be reapplied. When using insecticides, always follow label directions. Only using insecticide will not keep your home free of mosquitoes.

Mosquitoes rest in dark, humid places like under the sink, in closets, under furniture, or in the laundry room.


A Guide To Mosquito Repellents

People do the darnedest things in hopes of avoiding mosquito bites. They burn cow dung, coconut shells or coffee. They drink gin and tonic. They eat bananas. They spray themselves with mouthwash or slather themselves in clove/alcohol solution. And they rub themselves with Bounce. “You know, those heavily perfumed sheets you put in your dryer,”

None of those techniques have been tested to see if they actually keep mosquitoes away. But that doesn’t stop people from trying them, according to a study that will be published this summer

Beyond folklore and traditional remedies, there are proven ways to protect against mosquitoes and the diseases they carry. NPR talked with researchers, many of whom spend lots of time in mosquito-infested jungles, marshes and tropical areas.

Which repellents work best to stop mosquitoes from biting?

Products containing DEET have been shown both safe and effective. DEET is shorthand for the chemical N,N-diethyl-meta-toluamide, the active ingredient in many insect repellents

DEET appeared on store shelves in 1957. There was some early concern about its safety — speculation that it was linked to neurological problems. But recent reviews, for example a study published in June 2014 in the journal Parasites and Vectors, says, “Animal testing, observational studies and intervention trials have found no evidence of severe adverse events associated with recommended DEET use.”


Mosquito Control For Your Backyard

There’s so much to love about summer: getting outside to enjoy the longer days with a barbecue or enjoying a friendly game of Wiffle ball with the family … that is until pesky mosquitoes drive you back inside.

Unfortunately, the warmer months also mean mosquitoes. Mosquitoes might seem like an annoyance that you can easily swat away, but they can be a big problem. They not only make it impossible for you to truly enjoy your backyard, but they can also spread diseases. Using bug spray can help keep them away, but they are almost impossible to avoid completely unless you plan to stay inside all summer.

Don’t pack up your outdoor gear just yet! There are actions you can take to greatly reduce, or even eliminate mosquitoes from your backyard this summer. Most are fairly simple and just require a different approach to taking care of your lawn. The payoff can be a summer without itchy bug bites, giving you more time to enjoy your yard.

Avoid Standing Water

The best approach to mosquito control is to keep them from showing up in the first place. You can accomplish that by removing places where they breed. And where do they breed? Anywhere there is standing water. That can include spots as small as a bottle cap, so do a careful inspection of your yard to find any containers of water. This includes kiddie pools, toys, plant trays, garbage cans and gutters. The exception to this rule is a swimming pool, as the chlorine drives them away

Keep your Grass Cut

In addition to water, mosquitoes like to hang out in cool, shady spots. Shady areas near trees, tall grass or brushy areas are ideal mosquito habitats, so focus on getting rid of those spots. As a bonus, the more sunlight that reaches your yard, the less likely you are to have wet or damp spots that foster mosquito breeding, disease or even mildew.

Preventing Disease Transmission Repair

Can you drive with a bad transmission?

Procrastination: it’s something we’re all guilty of. Why do today what you can put off until tomorrow, right? But what about your transmission? How long can you drive with a bad transmission?

Car problems always seem to strike at the most inopportune times. If your transmission is acting up, how long can you get by before taking your vehicle into a transmission shop?

You know the feeling. You’ve got a big presentation at work, a big exam coming up, or you’re about to attend your best friend’s wedding where in the ceremony you’ll be the best man. And then your car decides it won’t work. If it’s your transmission that’s the problem, maybe you’ll keep slipping out of gear and into neutral. Maybe you’ll have a struggle just to shift gears at all. Or maybe it will make such a noise that you are afraid to keep driving it. Just your luck, huh?

Except, in many cases, luck had little to do with it. Usually, you had a chance to repair your transmission before, but for one reason or another, you did not. Maybe you were just procrastinating or maybe you did have a good excuse, but that does not change your current situation. Now you have a bad transmission. What will you do?

Very few transmission problems come out of nowhere and instantly render your vehicle inoperable. Usually you have a bad transmission before you have a completely broken transmission.

Can you still drive your transmission if it changes gears roughly? Can you still drive your transmission if you see that it is leaking a little transmission fluid? Can you still drive your transmission if it is making funny noises? Can you still drive your transmission if it keeps slipping out of gear and into neutral?

The answer to all these questions is, usually, yes, though in this last scenario that can be quite dangerous. The truth is you almost always can drive on bad transmission. But for how long? Well, that is up to you.

Driving with a bad transmission is a simple matter of risk analysis. How much are you willing to risk having to get major transmission repairs or even a transmission replacement?

It’s always best to nip small problems in the bud before they become big ones. If you absolutely must drive with a bad transmission, check your transmission fluid first. Topping that up may ease (or even solve) the problem. If you’re really not sure, contact us at Mister Transmission and we might be able to give you an idea of how bad your transmission is. In any event, you want to drive with a bad transmission for as short a time as possible.


What will happen if I run out of transmission fluid?

The transmission fluid prevents the gears in your car from grinding. No transmission fluid means you can damage the gearbox. You probably already know what happens if you run out of engine oil; your engine will have a meltdown. And no, we aren’t using figurative language. Your engine will overheat and damage itself if you continue to try and drive without oil. That is pretty much what will happen to your gearbox if you let your transmission fluid run out as well.

So, can you drive with a faulty transmission? Well, sure. Probably. Until it gets super damaged. Should you? Nope. If you first notice something wrong when your vehicle tries to shift you’ll want to get your vehicle to a mechanic as soon as you can.


Is it worth it to fix the bad transmission?

When determining the answer as to how long can I drive with a bad transmission, the first step in determining if it is worth fixing the transmission is to assess the damage. You need to check out what the professional says about your car’s damage – if your car is completely destroyed and your engine still runs, then you could keep your car.

If you are wondering about a rebuilt transmission, this is still a good option that can keep your car running at a high level, although not as high as new transmission. You need to evaluate what your vehicle is worth, and the cost to fix your transmission. You then need to have the repair estimate, the vehicle’s value, and undermine the next step from here.

A used or slave transmission ranges from around $800 to $1500, a rebuilt transmission ranges from $1100 to $2800, and a remanufactured transmission ranges from around $1300 to $3400. The total cost of these services can help you answer the question of how long can I drive with a bad transmission.

The labor to remove and replace a transmission can be quite expensive as well, with the average cost ranging from around $500 to $1200, with the labor taking between 4 to 10 hours of billed time. Despite being expensive, transmission problems should never go unattended and cause further problems. By determining what you need to have fixed in your car, you can answer yourself the question of how long can I drive with a bad transmission.


How to Tell You Have a Transmission Problem

There are a number of ways you can tell whether or not your transmission has a problem. One of the most identifiable signs is through your vehicle’s dashboard. If your engine light is on, this can signal a variety of things, but often times it means there is a problem with the transmission or engine. If you do notice that the engine light is on, make sure that you have the vehicle checked right away.

Another indicator of a bad transmission is when the transmission is not properly shifting into gears. Your vehicle should move from one gear to the next without you even noticing. You should never feel the shift or hear the shift while you are driving. If you can hear or feel the vehicle shifting then there is a problem.

You can also tell the transmission has problems if you notice that the vehicle does not move right away or has trouble getting up to speed. These are two signs that the vehicle is in need of a transmission repair. Your vehicle should not have to work to get up to speed and you should be able to accelerate and the vehicle move down the road.


Signs of transmission failure

When you start to notice signs of a transmission slipping in your car, this means that you have a limited amount of time to fix the issue and keep your car running in smooth condition. If the transmission in your car starts to act up and is not working properly, then it is key to check it fast, either yourself or by a local mechanic. These problems can quickly escalate and cause you to not be able to drive with a bad transmission.

Luckily, there are a few blown transmission symptoms to keep an eye out for that will alert you to when your transmission is going bad or give you information as to how long can I drive with a bad transmission.

Slipping transmission

Regardless of whether you have an automatic transmission or a manual transmission, both of these systems contain a clutch system that is in charge of separating and changing gears, switching between the gears to let you maintain a high performance by our car. With time, this system can wear down and your transmission system will literally start to slip while changing into the next gear.

Another cause of a slipping transmission is low transmission fluid pressure, caused by low levels of transmission fluid, clogged transmission filters, or a bad pump. These issues will continue to worsen over time, until they reach the point where the transmission will completely cease and not be able to engage at all.

This can provide the answer to the question of how long can I drive with a bad transmission.

Strange smells

As you know by now, various components in the car have their own fluid types and fluid levels, so the transmission has its own fluid to keep it running properly and prevent overheating. The transmission fluid is designed to lubricate and prevent overheating, making sure all of the gears are spinning correctly and smoothly. After the vehicle reaches a high mileage, this transmission fluid can either leak out or burn inside of the transmission.

If you see any fluid leaking under your car, check the fluid to see if it is red in color. If the fluid is red and you notice an unusual smell accompanying the red fluid leak puddle, then this can be a clear sign that your transmission is in need of service. The servicer required is a change of the transmission fluid or adding transmission fluid levels to keep it topped up correctly. If you do not do this, it can lead to a blown transmission.

Transmission warning light

Many cars that are on the market today have various warning lights and sensors that can alert the driver, and even the passengers, to common problems inside of the car. This can prevent the problem from getting worse, and allow you to fix the issue before it turns into a costly replacement. Most of the new cars today have sensors to make sure you do not harm the car, so keep an eye out for any check engine lights that turn on your dashboard.

This check engine light and transmission warning light shows that the transmission fluid is either running too low in the system or it is burning out too quickly, causing the temperature within the transmission system or the engine to rise beyond the normal limit. When the overheating occurs, this can cause the transmission to seize or blow. If you notice that your transmission is going to seize, you need to stop driving before you learn the hard way how long I can drive with a bad transmission.

Rough shifting

You might notice that your shifting has become very rough, along with rough engine idling, and the car jerking while accelerating or shifting. The most common cause of hard shifts in your vehicle is low transmission fluid level, so make sure you regularly check your fluid level with the schedule that your mechanic or manufacturer has set forth for your specific car. Jerky shifting can also be caused by too much line pressure, due to a clog or malfunctioning transmission shift solenoid. If the jerking while shifting occurs, you need to ask yourself how long can I drive with a bad transmission.

Transmission fluid leak

Along with the strange smells in your car, the fluid leak accompanies the odor coming from the transmission area. A transmission has its own fluid, as we know, that is designated just for lubrication and preventing overheating of the transmission. The fluid in the transmission is there to lubricate and ensure the gears are spinning smoothly and running together.

If you notice that there is red fluid leaking from under your car or a weird smell, then your transmission will need a quick fluid service as soon as possible. If you do not fix the transmission fluid leak, this can cause a blown transmission. A blown transmission will mean you can’t continue driving your car, answering the question of how long can I drive with a bad transmission.

Grinding or odd sounds

Not just automatic transmission, but both manual and automatic transmission will make strange sounds that can get quite loud when they start to go bad or become damaged over time. If you have a car with automatic transmission, you might hear a sound or some low humming noises, or even buzzing sounds coming from under the hood.

Steps To Building The New Home Builder Of Your Dreams


Whether you’re hiring a GENERAL CONTRACTOR, using a CONSTRUCTION CONSULTANT or managing your job as an OWNER/BUILDER, you can use the resources to get the home you want.

mission is to advocate for the consumer through his internet, educational and journalistic endeavors so owners will get the home they want in a way that helps each individual achieve excellence, efficiency and effectiveness throughout their home building project. His objective is to earn the building community’s complete trust, confidence and respect by providing the highest degree of knowledge-based service possible.

The Home Building Consumer’s Guide is specifically produced for individuals who want to personally get involved in the Design/Build process for a home building or remodeling project. It takes a very integrated approach to the construction industry, and professionals and consumers alike are provided with a very practical

Participants in the Design/Build process are empowered to become better collaborators. This is not another “How To” approach which leads you through the hands-on labor of residential construction. Rather, it allows you to better understand the decision making process whether you work with a construction consultant, general contractor, or act as an owner/builder.

The checklists, models, forms, and guidelines act as a prompt to help you analyze the unique circumstances of your project. To further assist in your planning and organizing efforts, the resources at “Related Links” and “News” and “Subs/Vendors” are to be used in conjunction with the Home Building Consumer’s Guide as a means to fully investigate home design and construction resources. You need to develop a working relationship within the building community as a whole.




Building a custom home on your land is a very different process than either buying an existing house or having a new house built in a neighborhood. First, if you’re having a home built on land that you own, then you own the project from the very beginning. And you only get one shot at it. Second, since you own the land, you—not the builder—provide the financing. Those two differences mean that building on your land is a much more emotional process than simply buying a home or having


The purpose of this guide is to give you the knowledge you need to achieve your dream of having a one-of-a-kind custom home on your own land. We want to empower you to confidently go out and get all the necessary pieces together to make this dream come to life.

A word of caution: It’s tempting to think you can navigate the home-building process on your own. Yes, it is entirely possible to get a house plan, hire each subcontractor yourself, make a few phone calls, schedule the work, and avoid paying a professional to build the house for you. We all live, or have lived, in a house and land is land, so it all seems familiar, right?

I’ve built hundreds of homes myself, not to mention how many my father has built since 1964. Believe me when I tell you we learn new lessons every week. The cost of those lessons can be in the hundreds of thousands of dollars. You can’t  afford to make those mistakes on your own house. You risk going so far over budget you’ll either go broke or you’ll have to sell the brand new home you’ve built because you can’t afford it. At the very least, you’ll have invested much more than if you had hired a competent builder, plus you’ll have a lot of frustration and regret as well.

To have a new, one-of-a-kind, custom home built on your land, there are four basic things you’ll need:

  1. A competent, professional home builder;
  2. Money (either cash or a construction loan);
  3. Land that is appropriate for building a house;
  4. A house plan that fits your needs, wants, and budget.




You know you want to build your home while you have the opportunity. But you have to be careful.


You can do it. I know you can, because we did.

The easy part is figuring out how to put your materials together and actually build the thing. You can find videos on YouTube. You can read books and manuals. Heck, you can volunteer with Habitat for Humanity and learn some tricks of the trade. But that’s not what’s scary about building a home.

The real fear is wasting tens of thousands of dollars building a home that ends up being unlivable at the end. Of not following codes and ending up having your permit denied at the very end. Of ruining your family financially because you didn’t budget well enough.

I’ve seen countless people fail because they didn’t know how much of a house they could *actually* afford. Or didn’t realize they couldn’t legally build on their own land because of its flood or fire risk zoning until they’d already plunked down tens of thousands of dollars of their hard-earned cash. Or learned partway through that they couldn’t get insurance on their size and type of build.




We offer a range of plans to choose from, alternately we can design your home to suit your needs.


A scheme plan and quote will be presented including your wish list and changes.


This is required to obtain necessary professional reports and consenting documentation


Our colour consultant will help you choose your colour scheme.


Our kitchen designer will work with you to finalise your kitchen concept.


Finalise the location of power points and light fittings, a great time to discuss any automation requirements.


This is your final concept, it includes the position of your house on your site, earthworks, retaining walls, driveways and drainage.


The Guide for Buying Land, Building a House or Buying New Construction

Sometimes, buying an existing home just won’t work. You may be a homebuyer who’s tired of competing for highly desired homes in the neighborhood you want, or maybe you just don’t like the idea of living in an older house.

Either way, you have options if you’d prefer to live in a brand-new house. Whether you’re planning to buy a teardown and build a home on the perfect plot of land or buy into a new housing development, prepare for a process that differs from purchasing an existing property.

Buying Land to Build a House

If you’re starting from scratch, the first thing you need to do is buy land, which can be a simple process — or prove fraught with problems if you fail to do your due diligence. Be sure to follow these steps before you close on a plot of land.

Check the zoning and condition of the property. Few things will be more disappointing than buying the perfect plot of land for your dream home, only to find out that it’s not OK to live on, either due to zoning issues or soil contaminants that make living there a hazard.

Check the zoning, grade and soil quality, as well as other details specific to the area that may keep a house from being constructed on the land. Even if there’s an existing home on the property, it’s important to check, as zoning or soil quality could have changed since that structure was built. A real estate agent familiar with buying land can help you with the due diligence process.

How To Choose A Sewer Inspection Contractor

What is a Sewer Scan Camera Inspection?

To inspect the main sewer line from the house to the public sewer system for possible problems, a special sewer video camera is inserted into the main sewer line cleanout.  Then everything is watched on a monitor, and our sewer scope inspectors sometimes record a video or take pictures of any issues within the pipes.

The sewer line inspection service is available in Oakland County, Macomb County, and some areas of the surrounding areas. Please to schedule an inspection, or schedule online.

3 Signs Your Main Sewer Line is Clogged

The sooner you recognize the warning signs of main sewer line blockage and call for a sewer line inspection, the better. Clogs in the main sewer line that goes ignored or unnoticed can lead to costly repairs, but can also expose your family to contaminated water. Here are a few signs of possible issues:

  • Multiple backed-up drains. If more than one drain is slow-moving, gurgling, smells bad, or has water backing up, this most likely indicates a main sewer line clog.
  • Water overflows into different plumbing fixtures. This happens because water from one branch line tries to drain away, but the main sewer clog blocks it and forces it to back up into other smaller drains.
  • Drainage in sewer clean out. Remove the clean out cap. if there is sewer water flowing out of the pipe or standing in the pipe, this also indicated you have a sewer line clog.


What problems can be identified using a sewer line camera?

A sewer inspection video camera allows the service technician to see any problems with the pipe. This might include root intrusion, cracks, punctures, corrosion, or misaligned pipe sections. The camera will also identify grease buildup, leaks and obstructions. A follow-up video inspection can be conducted after service is performed to verify that the pipeline has been properly cleaned or repaired.

When should my pipes undergo an inspection using a sewer line inspection camera?

This type of inspection is recommended if you experience repeated sewer or drain line backups, slow drains or clogs. Additionally, realtors and prospective homeowners often see the cost benefit of conducting a professional video inspection of sewer pipes before purchasing a home. The sewer inspection will determine whether the sewer line is free of problems that could lead to expensive future repairs.


How do you know if you have a collapsed drain?

Key signs which are accurate indicators if you have a collapsed drain. Collapsed drains must be fixed as soon as possible to minimise the damage and the expense of fixing them so if any of the following symptoms present, it’s best to get a professional out and act quickly.

Backed up sewers or regular pipe blockages

These 2 less than savoury events are an indicator of a collapsed drain as the sewage can’t physically move through the collapsed pipe so it gets backed up. If this happens regularly then it implies damage to the pipe or a collapsed drain. Ordering a CCTV survey will confirm this, so you can act on it.

Strong smell of sewage

If there’s damage to a pipe or a collapsed drain, then you’ll regularly notice the smell of sewage in or around the home. Once drains have been unblocked then it’s likely this will disappear but with a collapsed drain, this will continue to reappear until the issue is fixed.

The presence of rodents or other unwanted visitors

When a drain is compromised it’s easy for rats and other sewer-dwelling creatures to gain access to your home. They may start to reside in the pipes and there’s no reason why they won’t venture closer and closer to the home, especially if the sewers are backed up and leaking into the home. Dealing with the infestation first is key, then you can deal with the drainage problem. Prevent the infestation from day one by looking into non-return valves which allow sewage to flow out but not back in, as shown above.


Slow Drains

There could be several reasons for water that drains off slowly from your sink, shower or bathtub, so it’s not necessary to panic straight away. If it is just the shower that is taking forever to drain, the problem is probably something to do with the plumbing inside instead. Try to clear the blockage yourself by checking the plughole and using the plunger to create enough force to move the blockage.

If that doesn’t work, get rid of as much of the water as you can and then pour a cup of baking soda down the drain. Follow this up with a cup of vinegar. This is a natural method that doesn’t contain any of the nasty chemicals that are usually present in the drain cleaner.

Why not just use drain cleaner? Because, if there is a problem with the main line, it’s likely to be a tree root, or collapsed pipe. There is nothing that drain cleaner can do about that. It can actually cause further damage because the chemicals in it are highly corrosive in nature. The longer that they sit in the pipe for, the more potential there is for corrosive damage to occur. Like with the clogged drains, to properly diagnose a mainline issue, the problem would have to be present in several drains in the home.

Your Lawn Is Soaked

Because your home’s main sewage line is located outside, if there are any issues with your sewer line, it is very likely that this will reflect onto your lawn. If your sewer line is collapsed or if there are cracks in the sewer pipes, then it is easier for dirt to make its way inside. This would also mean that water can now escape and makes its way outside, such as onto your lawn. If you notice that your lawn is persistently soaked, or you can see any puddles, it could definitely be a sign that there are issues with your sewer system. This needs immediate attention because a cracked or broken pipeline not only wastes water and unnecessarily increases your utility bill, but it can also lead to further damage and costly repairs that are best avoided. Another indication of a soaked lawn is fast-growing grass. If you notice that your grass has been growing exceptionally fast lately, this could be because of your damaged sewer line.


Insect and Rodent Infestation

On that note, an unusual increase in insect and rodent activity can be a sign that you have a broken sewer line. Rodents make their homes in sewers and can squeeze through the smallest cracks to find their way into your home. The same can be said for insects that can wriggle through a cracked drain pipe and breed in the stagnant water, allowing them to multiply rapidly. Both rodents and insects can cause health issues and need to be dealt with along with the sewer line breakage itself.

Mold & Mildew

Wet spots on your home’s ceilings, walls, or floors can all be signs of a collapsed sewer line or broken water pipe. If left unchecked, water infiltration from a sewer or water line can cause mold and mildew to spread rapidly. The spores from these fungi can cause severe allergic reactions, and their ability to eat through organic building materials over time can cause damage to your home’s interior, exterior, or foundation.

Broken Slabs and Wall Cracks

Buildings will often develop cracks in the concrete slab and supporting walls as they settle and the ground shifts beneath them. However, if your home is developing new cracks it may be because you have a broken sewer line that is washing away the soil supporting the foundation. If the crack is caused by a leak, the situation is unlikely to improve over time. More water will continue to wash away the surrounding soil until the foundation can no longer support the weight of the structure above. In a worst-case scenario, the house itself may collapse. A thorough inspection can determine if you have a sewer line breakage or another issue that is causing your home or business to develop cracks.

Solar Energy Goes Through The Residential Roofing

Residential Roof Replacement Contractor

Building & Roofing was founded with the intention of helping homeowners resolve their roofing needs and problems. One of the most commonly sought service is roof replacement, which is why have dedicated time, effort, and resources in mastering the art roof replacement and new roof installation for your satisfaction.

Having the service of a residential roofing contractor here, OR and its nearby area is not like purchasing a finished product, like your computers or a vehicle. For unlike those things, a roofing project such as roof replacement requires the intervention of skillful roofers and not just machineries alone that performs critical factory operations.

In view of such need of a professional roof replacement specialist for your residential property, Building & Roofing has carefully handpicked the members of team of expert roofers, installers, artisans, technicians, and project managers.

roofing personnel is able to work on your roof replacement needs, regardless of its size and complexity. Whether you need asphalt or metal roof replacement, or any other type of roofing, you can always count on us to deliver. And if you are still confused on whether roof replacement is the perfect roofing solution for your property, here are some of the things to consider as part of your decision making.

Age of Your Roof: If there is nothing wrong with your roofing system as you perceive it, you may still want to have a roof replacement project done because of your roof’s age. Most roofing materials come with a 20 year or more warranty, and if your roof is already passed the suggested usable period, then roof replacement might be the best thing to do.



Licensed Home Roofing Experts

Like most things in a house, roofs do not last forever. Sure, a roof of good quality should last you for a very long time, but there will come a point in your home’s existence that you will find the need to have some repairs done on some roof components, or at worst, have it completely replaced. When the need arises, what better the finding the right locally owned and owner operated roofing company for that all important home investment.


Having a roof replaced is an ordeal that many property owners have to go through at some point. There are many reasons why such a property improvement is necessary, and here are some of the most common

Age of Roof

One of the reasons that owners replace their roof is age. In general, a good roof should last for about two to three decades, or even longer. If the roof is older than its recommended lifespan, even if it does not show any visible signs of damage, it is a good idea to have it checked and replaced by a professional roofing company.

Damaged Shingles

Damaged shingles do not always mean that the whole roof needs to be replaced; however, if the number of damaged shingles is too many, then having the entire roof replaced is a much better and more feasible alternative.Some of the most common problems with shingles include curling and buckling. If the shingles are losing their granules, then this means that they have outlived their expected durability and usability. An easy way to know for sure is by checking for shingle granules in the gutter, since they usually fall and get trapped there after rainstorms.

Roof Valleys

A roof’s valleys are the areas most prone to damage, since much of the snow, ice and rain flow through them before reaching the gutters, as this part is a junction that connects sections of the roof. If there are missing shingles in these areas, this is a sign that the roof is failing and may need replacement.



team of roofing experts and specialists have over 50 years’ experience in the industry between them and take Health and Safety procedures very seriously. The welfare of staff is a priority just as much as the safety of customers. honest team of specialists can survey your roof and advise you on the best route to take whether this is a small repair or a complete replacement, you can trust us to do what’s right for you and your roof!


Roofing felt is a material that lies between the actual roof and the house and the final layer of roofing material. It is an added layer of protection from the elements, and a necessary layer should even one shingle be blown off of your roof in a storm. Roofing felt protects the roof, which means it ultimately protects your home. It provides a barrier between the wood sheathing on the roof and the final roofing material. Should water or snow be driven between shingles by high winds, this under layer will provide valuable protection. There are many reasons to use roofing felt.

have established ourselves as the felt roofing company you can rely on and this is still one of our most popular roofing systems. Whether you need to have your felt roof repaired or fully refurbished we can supply and fit a range of felt roofing products including De-Boer.

team of roofing specialists have over 50 years of experience between them in which time they have gained a broad skill set that ensures they are able to complete work on all kinds of roofs. work with both domestic and commercial clients, providing us with experience of many different kinds of roofing, from flat roofs through to traditional pitched roofs.


Roofing Installation

Roofing Company has the experience and training necessary to deliver high-quality residential roofing solutions that you need, on time and on budget.

trained professionals will work with you to identify the product that best meets your needs. Additionally, you will gain peace of mind knowing that all the products we install carry manufacturer’s warranty coverage in addition to our own workmanship guarantees. You can rest assured your choice will keep you worry-free for years to come.

replace and repair all types of residential roofing systems, including: Asphalt Shingles, Metal Roofing, Membrane Roofing and much more. Below are some helpful guidelines to consider when making your decisions about your residential roofing project.

Choose a Material and Budget

can provide various samples of roofing materials for your consideration based on your needs and budget preferences. Some commonly chosen materials include the asphalt shingles, which are installed on more that 70% of all residential homes in the US*. Though common, pricing for this widely used material can vary

work closely with our distributors to ensure you get the best product pricing available for the highest quality materials. With pricing at it’s best, you are free to choose the products that best fit your needs


Residential Roof Repair, Replacement, Inspection and Installation

Tile, wood, clay, asphalt, concrete, slate… Holes, leaks, sun damage, cracked tiles, pigeons, decomposing underlayment, your Nerf football from 1993… One thing is for certain–there is no one better experienced, and more equipped to handle your roofing needs, no matter what material it’s made of, or what might be up there.

see mostly tiles up there. It’s some of the longest lasting material available, and it’s great in the sun. It is, however, easily broken. can color and style match anything, so whether you just need a few cracked tiles replaced, or you need a complete roof replacement and you have a specific design in mind

Maybe you’ve got a new build, and you need a reputable company to put the cherry on top of that new house. Good news, we are ready for that also.

laid more roofs than you can imagine. And we’ve learned all the tricks of the trade along the way. know just what you need to be certain that you and your family are protected from the elements, and all our work is guaranteed.

This small expense can save you thousands in the long run, but it’s something most homeowners never consider until it’s too late. Now you may thing that changing out the top of your house is an expense that will make you cringe

DIY Hardwood Flooring Refinishing

Carpet Vs. Hardwood Floors: What’s Best For Baby

As a new parent, the list of things you have to update in your home to prepare for your newborn never seems to end. Some of the changes are small, and as easy as baby proofing vacation homes. Others are difficult and potentially expensive, such as switching out your carpet for hardwood flooring, or vice versa. There isn’t an obvious answer when it comes to this important decision. Each option has its own list of benefits and drawbacks. Let us do some of the thinking for you with this list of pros and cons for carpeting versus hardwood floors.

Carpet Has More Cushion

Let’s start with the obvious differences. Carpet has more cushion than hardwood. Babies will be safer crawling or taking those first steps. They’ll also be more comfortable playing. Some parents do note that energetic babies might be more susceptible to nuisances like carpet burn. However, most parents would trade carpet burn for any minor head injury on hardwood. If you have old carpet in your home and can’t justify making the switch to hardwood floors, consider changing your carpet’s padding. Padding wears out quicker than the top layer of carpet. If you’re moving into a house that claims to have installed new carpeting, be advised that the previous owners might not have replaced the padding to cut costs.

Hardwood Is Easier To Clean

Hardwood floors are typically easier to clean. It’s just simpler to sweep than vacuum, and it’s also quieter. Everyday spills and accidents from baby will be easier to make disappear on hardwood floors. Another reason why parents appreciate hardwood floors is the fact that little things have less room to hide on hardwood. All those small spills you might miss can blend into the fibers of the carpet. Potentially harmful things can get lost in the carpet or absorbed over time, making it more probable that baby will stumble upon something they shouldn’t or get an allergic reaction before you have a chance to get out one of your trusty floor sweepers or do your daily vacuuming.

For Families With Pets

Whether you have carpet or hardwood floors, keeping the floor sanitary for baby can be a daily struggle. It can get even more complicated if you already have dogs or cats living in your home. The process of introducing baby to dogs or cats can be painless, but keeping baby away from all that pet hair and dander that builds up around the home takes extra effort. Carpet traps pet hair and can sometimes be more difficult to completely get rid of. But if you have animals that shed, keeping any type of floor hair-free is a chore, even if it might be easier to see on the hardwood.

Planning For The Future

Generally speaking, in today’s housing market, well-maintained hardwood floors are much more desirable than carpet. Not only will they last longer than carpet, even the most traditional styles are trending toward choosing hardwood over carpet. Still, hardwood isn’t universally preferred, and there is no guarantee that making the expensive switch will be worth it when the time comes to resell. Furthermore, if you’re considering the switch for resale purposes, pay attention to what type of hardwood, linoleum or tile you’re installing. Hardwood floors are preferred, but there are also several rooms that many home buyers would rather have carpeting, such as the bedrooms.


Carpet or wood? Experts lay out the pros and cons of each

What is the first thing your toes touch in the morning, hardwood or carpet? Flooring is one of the biggest decisions a homeowner makes. Some love the softness of carpet, the way it muffles footsteps and cushions little tushies when they take a tumble.

Some people champion hardwood’s natural beauty. It’s easy to clean and can look new for decades if cared for properly. “The floor is the first thing you decide on,” said

“Does the family remove shoes at the door? Are the pets house-trained? Does the family take dinners into the family room?” Justice said in an email. “All of these living habits will have an effect on the life of the product they buy.”

If you’re choosing flooring for a new home, or musing whether to replace a tired carpet with wood (or vice versa), there’s a lot to consider. We talked to experts in various fields for their opinions in the carpet vs. wood debate.

A floor-installation professional says:

Hardwood floors are longer-lasting and can be refinished many times to freshen the look. Hand-scraped wood flooring, with deeper grooves, hides the small dents and wear that can come from active families and pets.


What Kind of Flooring Increases Home Value?

Flooring is one of those things sellers overlook when bogged down with the intricacies of a home sale. But let’s just be clear from the get go — flooring matters. Buyers will walk away from homes with bad flooring the same way they’ll walk away from homes that smell bad, or have little to no curb appeal.

And while there are kinds of flooring that increase home value more than others (like hardwood versus carpeting), the real challenge in selling an imperfect home is knowing which remodeling projects will increase value, and which will decrease value

What Floors Do Buyers Look For?

It’s no surprise— hardwood flooring has long been the top choice for buyers and agents alike, and remains so in today’s market. According to a survey conducted by the National Wood Flooring Association, real estate agents agreed that homes with hardwood floors are easier to sell and sell for more money — up to 10% more than an identical home without wood floors.

But although many buyers would be relieved to find hardwood over carpeting, not all hardwood floors are equal, with the current trend gearing towards wood floors in rustic-chic applications.

Hardwoods absolutely reign supreme, with a few styles making it to the top of everyone’s list; but you can still make a great sale on your home even if it isn’t fully decked out in the materials of the moment.


Hardwood Flooring Guide

hardwood flooring has brought the beauty of the forest into our indoor living spaces, adding strength and beauty. While décor trends have changed with the times, the lure of hardwood still beckons. These days, there are more hardwood flooring options than ever before, and new products are frequently being introduced to the market.

Since hardwood flooring can represent a significant investment, choosing the right one for your space isn’t a decision that should be made in haste. Simply put, hardwood floors aren’t necessarily the best option for every home, but that being said, there are definitely more options for would-be hardwood enthusiasts. Different wood species, finishes, and compositions are available to fit a full array of budgets, lifestyles, and tastes. There are finished hardwoods and unfinished hardwoods, as well as solid hardwoods and engineered hardwoods. All can present excellent options for today’s modern homeowners.

What You Might Want to Think About When Buying Hardwood Floors

Congratulations, you have made the decision to install hardwood floors. Carpet, vinyl, ceramic tile, and all other various types of flooring were considered, but in the end hardwood was the best choice for your needs. The decision-making process does not end there though; there are still factors to consider when selecting your hardwood flooring. These factors will influence your floor’s appearance, function, and durability

Here are some things you will want to consider while selecting your hardwood floor:

Wood Type: The species of wood you select will affect your floor’s natural colour, grain pattern, hardness, and the amount of expansion/contraction the wood will undergo as it is exposed to temperature and moisture changes.

Wood Finish: Do you want to stain your floor to dramatically change the colour of the planks? Do you want to make the grain “pop” with a natural finish? Do you want the natural look of the wood to change at all? One species of wood can take on many appearances, so think about what kind of finish you would like for your room.

Board Width: A lot of people don’t think about this, but you can select the plank width of your flooring. Wide 5 inch planks can be selected for a more traditional, old fashioned feel, or thinner 2 inch boards can be selected for a more contemporary look. Edges of the boards can also be beveled to leave a groove between each board, or made square so that each board lies flush with each other for a smooth, flat surface.

Board Texture: Do you want your floorboards to be smooth and flat, or would you prefer a textured look? You can have either option, with some higher-end planks even having a hand-scraped texture, just like the olden days.

Solid or Engineered Hardwood: Unsure about what types of hardwood floors best suits your home? Come by our showroom at 454 Veterans Drive, Unit 18, Barrie, ON to speak with our talented staff.

Solid vs Engineered Hardwood

Today’s shoppers are generally presented with two major types of hardwood flooring to choose: solid hardwood and engineered hardwood. Although it’s difficult, and sometimes even impossible, to tell the difference between the two upon first glance, there’s a lot going on beneath the surface.



You might be considering hardwood flooring for your new home or renovation project. An engineered wood floor is a popular choice. You want to make sure your floors are done right. To that end, you want to be sure you’re choosing the highest quality wood flooring for your home. These tips will help you do just that.

Double-Check the Lengths of Your Engineered Wood Floor

The first thing you want to do when you’re selecting engineered wood is check the lengths. Most people understand the plank width is quite important when it comes to flooring

Consider the Species for Your Floor

Another consideration in picking the right hardwood flooring is the species. Different species have different qualities. One species might offer certain advantages, depending on the room or even the climate you live in. White Oak for instance readily takes a custom stain color.

Select Unfinished Flooring to Create the Perfect Match

It used to be that you could only buy engineered hardwood that was pre-finished. Today, you can buy unfinished planks for your wood floor

Look for a High-Quality Core

You will never see the underside of your engineered wood floor, but that doesn’t mean it’s not important. In fact, the plywood core is one of the key factors in determining the quality of wood flooring.